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御耕节是柬埔寨王国的传统节日,于每年佛历六月下弦初四(一般在公历5月)举行。

有关部门在节前一个星期就开始四处奔忙,物色“神牛”,神牛要挑选健壮的三对公牛充当,同时准备好三张耕犁,每对神牛拉一张犁。柬埔寨农民使用的犁只有一个手扶柄,而御耕节用的犁为双柄。节目当天,国家文武大臣、各国驻柬埔寨使节及外宾都应邀在检阅台就座。全国放假一天,以示庆祝。

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仪式开始,“御耕王”点燃干柴,僧侣诵经祷告,欢乐的人们围绕土山,用吉祥树叶蘸着蜂蜜和油,往火坑里洒,同时把牛奶或牛油慢慢往里倒,以乞求神灵保佑五谷丰登,国泰民安。这种祭火仪式起源于一种古老的印度风俗。

在东面亭子前面并排放着七个银盘,分别盛着七种食物,即稻谷、青豆、玉米、芝麻、鲜草、水和酒。御师婆罗门将圣水洒在“御耕王”驾驭的两头神牛头上。祈求神牛带来好兆头,然后放开它们去任意挑选银盘里的食物,根据牛吃的食物来预卜一年的吉凶。

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如果神牛吃稻谷、青豆、玉米、芝麻,就预兆着风调雨顺,五谷丰登,哪种粮食被吃得多,便预示着那种庄稼就会获得丰收,吃得少则收成少。

今年的柬埔寨御耕节恰逢五一国际劳动节,旅游部祝福柬埔寨国泰民安,五谷丰登,愿劳动人民平安吉祥。

来源:柬埔寨旅游部